|© 1994, 2000 Richard J. Orli - Credits
||Di Grasse - His true Art
The Second Part - Attack and Defense Tactics and Opening Moves from each Ward of the Several Weapons
Swashbuckling - Allegedly, the term came from the sound of 'Prentices in London swashing their sword against their buckler as they walked. Or, it may just come from the meaning of "swash" : to flourish.
Steal a pace = Moving the rear-foot close to the front foot, to deceive your opponent about the distance.
Slip = move diagonally away.
Pass lunge = full pace, followed by an increase of the left foot.
Within = between the adversary's rapier and his breast.
Without = between the adversary's rapier and his back.
Attempt to hit while parrying - one motion (time thrust).
Within is likely Parry 4, Without is likely Parry 3 .
XI. Sword and Buckler
buckler is often at hand (being easy to carry, and having service at night as a lantern
carrier) and is commonly used. The buckler is not only a weapon of warding - it can be
used to strike as well.
The buckler is small and round, yet it must shield something much bigger and
differently shaped - the whole body. When you understand how it can be used to accomplish
this feat, you will also better understand a key principle of all defensive weapons.
For example, imagine your little sister with garden hose, and the water spraying out in
a cone at you. If you hold a fairly large umbrella right next to your body, perhaps much
will be protected, but perhaps your head and legs will still be sprayed. If you hold the
umbrella at arms-length, closer to the source, you may totally protect yourself. If you
were close enough to the nozzle, even an object as small as your hand will deflect all the
To effectively cover yourself, you must hold the buckler as far off from the body as
your arm can stretch. Always move your arm and buckler together, as one entire and solid
thing, never bending, and always keeping the flat toward your opponent.
The second is that all cutting attacks will be encountered close to your attacker's
hilt (the first and second part), and so with less force.
The High Ward of Sword and Buckler
Defending against a cut is so easy with a buckler that I will limit my discussion to
Attack from a right leading position by first stealing a half-pace,
and then lunge strongly. Finish in the low ward.
The Broad Ward of Sword and Buckler
It is important to not cut from this position, because the sword is far off from the
body and the cut cannot be done with force while retaining balance. Using the thrust,
steal a half-pace and lunge right. Recover in the broad ward.
The Low Ward of Sword and Buckler
With left leading, pass-lunge right between the sword and buckler. Finish in low, right
From within, use the same approach, but thrust still more strongly with a lunge. Trap
the opponent's sword between your sword and buckler. Finish with a thrust.
To counter this attack, start at the low Ward. When attacked on the pass (Right
behind), slip and time thrust. Against the lunge, whether from within or without, do a
slope pace with the left foot, and a high thrust, and your opponent's very concentration
on his attack will result in self-immolation on your point.
Bucklers are the size of a dinner plate, usually metal, sometimes made of wood and leather.
(The original obscure example seemed to hinge on the scientific fact as then understood that vision depended on "beams" emitted from the eyes).