Observations and standards for
82nd Orta Janissaries home
- Light -medium wool broadcloth (probabally 90% of the time, especially when its the sole coat) or linsy-woolsy (or possibly sometimes linen) kaftan-cut inner coat , buttoned left over right ‘kaftan entari’ or Dolman or zibun. The length seems to tend to below the knee to mid calf, but sometime dress uniforms are to the ankle. Sometimes higher ranking or special function janissaries wear shorter caftans or vests, and sometimes with a kilt or fustenella.
Usually the upper arm seems full and the wrist narrow.
(or sole) kaftan is always – almost always - shown buttoned at the neck.
There is usually no sign of a shirt visible.
- The outer coat is usually also buttoned, but there are at least occasional exceptions. The skirt of the sole or outer coat is usually up and tucked into the sash from the inside. At least one illustration shows it up and over from the outside, but inside seems more common. Usually this is shown as very neatly done.
Sometimes these are covered by a white fustenella (Greek style kilt); in which case the jacket is often shown somewhat short.
see the patterns page
Legging, Shoes, Boots see the headgear and footwear page for more details• - Sewn stockings/leggings "Ran" -legging (not sure what exactly this is. Sometime you see a garter just below the knee to hold up leggings or socks.) Or, a
- Tatabiq leg wrap, cloth wrapped around the calf and foot like a sock.
- Ankle boots or shoes ‘mest’, heels iron shod, with inner leather boot-socks Khuffs ; higher boots for some units ‘basmak’, or slippers ‘cedik’ with Khuff inner boots.
Head and Hat: see the headgear and footwear page for more details
- White felt 'Bork' hat with “spoon” for Janissary, Green Bosnian hat for Artillery. Various caps and low turbans for distaff and fatigue use.
- Bork hat is usually shown tilted back off the forehead slightly.
- Feather. For
parade formal review, and perhaps battle, ostrich, long pheasant or other
feather can be inserted into the spoon – note that the spoon has a
feather holder thoughtfully provided.
- Fatigue cap (off duty or work cap, since the bork is only worn on-duty.) A low Tarboush seem like the normal and easy choice, or tarbush –like cap or fez with a fairly low –profile turban. A fez is also OK. Any color except green, reserved for decedents of the prophet.
|Tarbouch and turban cloths, khuffs, can be obtained from online Islamic supply vendors such as al Hannah.|
Haircut: the norm seems to be shaved with a sort of cue on top,
like Cossack. Otherwise
shaved or short.
- There is rarely evidence of a shoulder-strap hanging bag which may be for personal items or powder charges. Sometimes there is a hanging powder or primer flask.
the shirt , but hidden from view , there is probably a talismanic item or
- Belt, leather often encased or worked heavily with metal.
- Powder horn, usually highly curved ram but small cow is OK
- belt with metal furniture and Leather belt-bag. Belt bag of bursa type is fairly typical– the belt passes through the bag, which is medium sized (about big enough to put your two fists into it) and close to the waist.
- Sash – cloth that is about a 10”-12 inches wide and 3.5 times your waist lengths…. 9-10 feet. folded in half, such that the edges are up (thus if you pressed a small sheathed knife or dropped a coin into the fold it would stay on the bottom of the fold). Speculating… Each end is wrapped over and inside, from under back and again over and inside, thus finishing with a neat sort of twist or figure 8 –look.
- small knife for sash, kunjal short or up to 24 inches
- Sword hangs from the belt or
a cord, but usually from the waist.
Examples of baldrics exist but are rare.
are falcions, or more rarely Type III sabers or straight broad or backswords
of medium length.
|http://www.swordsofhonor.com/falchionsword.html seems like an OK inexpensive version|
- Priming flask, perhaps
- Charges box – perhaps
- Other small items – oil
bottle, ball bag…
- Kerchief tucked in and hanging over.
See the Firepower page
Kaftans with loop buttons or passamentre, right over left. Boots with heels
Turbans of various sort for gentlemen
Armor and other kit most typically that that of the Polish Pancerni cavalry. (To be added to...)
At the moment I am working on an Artilleryman's hat (Bizzaro Bosnian) and also another handful of Janissary hats. Plus various minor fixes.
The Costumes Of Ottoman Women