© 1994, 2000 Richard J. Orli - Credits
|Di Grasse - His true Art
The First Part - The Basics
Measure = the distance between combatants. "In measure" (or in distance) is the distance at which you can hit or be hit in one move.
This includes material from the "Falsing" section.
See video clips of edgeblows in BASICS
Di Grasse points out in another section that cuts to the face need not have power to be effective. The face is a good target for a quick flicking cut.
There are eight times, whereof four are true, and four are false. The true times are these.
» hand and body
» hand,body and foot
» hand, body and feet.
The false times are these:
» foot and body
» foot body and hand
» feet body and hand
Translation: extend the arm first.
The high ward is awkward for a
strong thrust, especially if the right foot in the fore. Since this ward is used to attack
rather than defend, set up your lunge. Draw yourself up, feet close together, leaning
forward, arm high and straight, thrust accompanied with a lunge powerful and long he
The edge is to be preferred over the point for only one reason - when it saves time in the blow. This circumstance can happen when the point is out of line with the opponent - for example after warding a blow, or if your opponent beats your blade out of line. In these cases, hitting with the point may take two moments of time, where an edgeblow would take but one (as illustrated in Figure 7).
I particularly advise cutting back immediately after receiving a beat, for the
opponent is often taken by surprise at its rapid replacement, because of his preoccupation
with his attack.*
of two types -
Natural speed is reaction time - given by nature, health, youth, and muscle tone.
Technical speed is earned by executing an efficient
movement without any wasted motion or excess energy.
However, this also commits everything to the attack. Later writers urged more caution.
By 1692, Hope was saying, do not drag the rear
"Extend the arm FIRST!" is the most often repeated refrain of the modern fencing coach. As a slight exaggeration, this a pedagogic technique. Purpose - to keep the student from 1) slowing the (fast) arm to keep pace with the (slow) feet and (slower) body. 2) "telegraphing" the attack with premature foot movement.
At a deeper level, the extending arm establishes the
fact of the attack. Any action by the opponent in the face of a clear attack other than
defense or retreat would be suicidal.
*This argument is hard to accept since a cut in these
circumstances would have no power at all. However, rapidly replacing the point as
illustrated would be very effective.