|© 1994, 2000 Richard J. Orli - Credits
||Di Grasse - His true Art
The Second Part - Attack and Defense Tactics and Opening Moves from each Ward of the Several Weapons
"Gathering" up to measure in an offensive posture is dangerous, as retreat is difficult. It creates a moment of opportunity for the defender to launch an attack into your preparation
because of its circular form, the round target is so steeped in antiquity that I must
restrain myself from digressing into mathematics or historiography, and focus on my
purpose. The history of the target is so long, however, that many means of using it have
been practiced. One practice is resting it on the thigh, as if in this art (in which only
travails and pains are available) a man should seek rest and quiet. Or, holding it with
the arms bent close, near the chest, as if one were behind a safe wall of great size and
Of the manner of how to hold the round target.
To hold the target so that it may cover the whole body without hindering vision, bear
it edge-first toward the enemy, arm nearly straight. Holding the arm bent both tires the
arm and tends to obstruct sight. Do not keep the target close to your body; there the
target only covers an area its own size, leaving the head and belly open. In the way
suggested, the left side is already covered, and the least motion to the right with the
target will cover any blow above the knee.
The High Ward of the Round Target.
The target is such great and sure defense, that no edgeblow can be expected to
penetrate without the help of your own target. Thrusts are very uncertain as well. The
best strategy is to first steal a pace, gathering upon the enemy as near as possible
without danger. Thrust forcibly, and if you should penetrate past the circumference of the
target, pass left, crash into the enemy's sword and target with your target, drive home a
thrust with a straight right lunge. If your opponent reacts to this by lifting his target,
continue as before, but thrust from underneath.
The Broad Ward of the Round Target
It is difficult to hit from the broad without using your target to beat away your
opponent's sword. Therefore, be sure to do that first, and follow with the general
strategy described above for the high ward.
To counter this, try first not to allow your sword to be beaten off. Stay in the low
The Low Ward of the Round Target
I strongly recommend finding the enemy's sword with your own, to pin it between your
sword and your target. Thrust with great speed with a right lunge, driving in with the
target as well.
The round target is about a yard in diameter, usually made of wood with a leather cover, and sometime out of metal. It is also usually concave, and has a strap for the hand and another just before or after the elbow.
Target Defending Halbred