Order of Battle

Siege of Czestochowa, 1655 

 

Home Historical Background to the Siege

The Siege Reenactment, Labor Day 2003

 

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

160 foote,

70 monks,

20 noble knights and retainers with their lackeys. 

50 artillerymen

About 30-50 servants, including the noble's lackeys - mostly noncombatants. Few or no females.

12-18 light cannons (from 2-6 pdrs)

twelve 12 pdrs.

In total 300 defenders and 24-30 cannon.

 

 

Swedish Army and Allies

Phase I - November 18, 1655

Task Force under General J.W. Wrsesowiez

300 foot (a regiment, short one company, with 2 4pdr regimental cannon)

300 Rieters (Waclaw Sadowski’s regiment , one company short)

8 6pds cannon (artily company, with about 40 men)

 

General Muller’s taskforcePMullerBanner.jpg (44982 bytes)

400 rieters Jana Krzystof von Beddecker

200 reiters of a squadron from Regiment Hans Engell

100 rieters from a company from Regiment Francis Erdman von Sachsen-Lauenburg

 

400 polish cavalry Jana Zbrozki

400 polish cavalry Mikolaj Seweryna Kalinski

 

100 dragoons (company)PMullersMen.jpg (53484 bytes)

2250 – 1800 cavalry, 100 dragoons, 300 foot, 50 artillery. And 10 cannon.

Phase II

Pulkovinick (Obersztera/Colonel)Fromhold von Ludingstausen Wolff's Regiment of foot,

6 companies totaling 600 foot and 3 regimental cannons - 3pdrs.

Rotmistrz (captain) Adam Pozowski with 100 foot

Pulkovinick Andrzej Gnoinski's regiment of furrow infantry (‘piechoty lanowej’) from the Vovoiodship of Sandomier.

(The Regiment of the Polish King Kazimer’s own Royal Guard of Foote under Pulkovinick (obersztera) Fromhold von Ludingstausen Wolff had followed King Kazimer into Silesia, neutral ground, after the fall of Kracow. On 28 Nov while marching toward Slask, on the road between Siewierzem and Bedzinem, the regiment was surprised by a regiment of reiters under Colonel W. Sadowski. After a minor altercation and after having obtained promises of payment of their back pay, they came over to the Swedes. They were then sent to Czestochowa.

Phase III

6 heavy siege cannons - two half- Culverin 24prs and four quarter-Culverin 12 pdr from the KrakowPSwedcannonRoll2.jpg (44692 bytes) arsenal 200 foote. (Probably 2 companies of infantry from F. Wolff's regiment under the command of Captain Jana Guldyny.)

This force also escorted the replacement chief military engineer Oberslejtnant (Lt. Colonel) Fredrick Getkant, who took over the job of directing the siege work against Jasna Gora.

Having received these final reinforcements, General Muller’s Siege force now counted 3200 - 1800 cavalry, 1200 foote, 100 dragoons, 100 artillerymen, with 19 Cannon: 2 siege guns 24pdrs, 4 siege guns - 12 pdrs, 9 6 pdrs, and 5 regimental cannon 3-4 pdrs. The ratio of besieged to besiegers at the beginning was about 1:7.5 personnel and 1:0.33 artillery and now it is 1:10.7 and 1:0.63

Phase IV

30-40 civilian miners. Also, At various times, several hundred locals were impressed into service to dig trenches and perform other labors.